Never exceed speed
Do not exceed this speed in any operation.
Maximum Structural Cruising Speed
Do not exceed this speed except in smooth air, and only with caution.
Design Manoeuvring Speed
Do not make full or abrupt control movement above
this speed, because under certain conditions the aircraftmay be overstressed by full control movement.
Operating Manoeuvring Speed
Maximum Landing Gear Extended Speed
Do not exceed this speed with the landing gear extended.
Maximum Landing Gear Operating Speed
Do not exceed this speed when operating the landing gear.
Maximum Flaps Extended Speed
Do not exceed this speed for indicated flaps setting.
Aircraft Minimum Controls Speed with one engine inoperative
Do not reduce speed below this value in event of one
engine inoperative condition.
Airspeed Indicator Markings
53 – 93
Lower limit is VSO, upper limit is the maximum allowable speed with flaps extended in FULL position.
Minimum aircraft control speed with one engine inoperative and flaps set to T.O.
66 – 135
Normal aircraft operating range (lower limit is VS1, stall speed in “clean” configuration, and upper limit is the maximum structural cruise speed VNO).
Best rate-of-climb speed with one engine inoperativeat sea level.
135 – 167
Speed range where manoeuvres must be conducted with caution and only in smooth air.
Maximum speed for all operations.
Following table reports the operating limitations for both engines installed:
Engine Manufacturer: Bombardier Rotax GmbH.
Engine Model: 912 S3
Prop. rpm (engine)
- Max CHT: 135°C
- Max CT:120°C
- Min/Max Oil: 50°C / 130°C
- Oil normal operating range (approx.): 90°C / 110°C
Oil Pressure (below 1400 rpm prop):
- Minimum: 0.8 Bar / 12 psi
- Normal: 2-5 Bar / 29-73 psi
- Maximum: 7 Bar / 102 psi
- Minimum: 0.15 Bar / 2.2 psi
- Maximum 0.40 Bar / 5.8 psi
Maximum Operating Altitude
Maximum operating altitude is 14000 ft (4260 m) MSL.
Ambient temperature: from -25°C to +50°C. Flight in expected and/or known icing conditions is forbidden.
Powerplant Instruments Markings
580 - 2265
2265 - 2388
90 – 110
50 – 90
50 – 120
50 – 135
2 – 5
0.8 – 2
2.2 – 5.8
Other Instruments Markings
12 - 14 Volt
Warnings, Cautions and Advisories Lights
LH electric system overvoltage
RH electric system overvoltage
MAIN DOOR OPEN ALERT
Main door open and/or unlocked
REAR DOOR OPEN ALERT
Rear door open and/or unlocked
LH LOW COOLANT
Left engine - coolant liquid low level
RH LOW COOLANT
Right engine - coolant liquid low level
LH ENGINE FIRE
Left engine compartment: fire detected
RH ENGINE FIRE
Right engine compartment: fire detected
(warning light installed near the
landing gear control lever)
One or more legs are in transition phase and/or
the selected retracted/extended position is not yet
LH generator failure
RH generator failure
External electrical supply connected
Pitot heating system failure/not activated
GEAR PUMP ON
LG pump electrically supplied
LH FUEL PUMP
Left engine - electrical fuel pump ON
RH FUEL PUMP
Right engine - electrical fuel pump ON
Pitot heating system ON
LG Down & Locked
(3 advisory lights, one for each leg, installed
near the landing gear control lever)
Landing gear extended and locked
Maximum takeoff weight
Maximum landing weight
Maximum zero wing fuel weight
The aircraft is certified in normal category in accordance with EASA CS-23 regulation.
Non aerobatic operations include:
- Any manoeuvre pertaining to “normal” flight
- Stalls (except whip stalls)
- Lazy eights
- Turns in which the angle of bank is not more than 60°
Maneuvers Load Factor Limits
Maneuver load factors limits are as follows:
+ 3.8 g
- 1.78 g
Maneuver load factors limits with flaps extended are as follows:
+ 2 g
- Minimum crew: 1 pilot
- Maximum number of occupants: 4 people (including the pilot)
The aircraft can be equipped for following flight operations:
- VFR Day and Night
- IFR Day and Night including IMC
Flight in expected and/or known icing conditions, in proximity of storms or severe turbulence is forbidden.
- 2 Tanks: 100 litres each one (26.42 US gallons)
- Maximum Capacity: 200 litres (52.8 US gallons)
- Maximum Usable Fuel: 194.4 litres (51.35 US gallons)
- Approved Fuel: MOGAS / AVGAS